To add a route to the routing table use the route add command. An example looks like this:
route add 10.0.0.0 mask 255.0.0.0 192.168.177.1
You can optionally add a metric 2 to the end if you want to add a specific weight to the route. The routes with the lowest metric will take precedence over higher metrics. By default, static routes have a metric of 6.
You can also optionally add a IF 2 to the end. This will force the route to use interface 2. You can see what interface numbers you have with the route print command.
To remove a route you must use the route delete command and the destination.
route delete 10.0.0.0
Change a Static Route
If you simply want to update a static route you can use the route change command.
route CHANGE 18.104.22.168 MASK 255.0.0.0 22.214.171.124 METRIC 2 IF 2
If you get the following error:
The requested operation requires elevation.
To resolve this you will need administrator access to the system. Go to the start menu and when you type cmd right click on the cmd.exe program and click Run As Administrator. This opens a CMD prompt with more privileges.
For any further help you can use the built in help the route command provides. Simply type route and hit enter.
Manipulates network routing tables.
ROUTE [-f] [-p] [-4|-6] command [destination]
[MASK netmask] [gateway] [METRIC metric] [IF interface]
-f Clears the routing tables of all gateway entries. If this is
used in conjunction with one of the commands, the tables are
cleared prior to running the command.
-p When used with the ADD command, makes a route persistent across
boots of the system. By default, routes are not preserved
when the system is restarted. Ignored for all other commands,
which always affect the appropriate persistent routes. This
option is not supported in Windows 95.
-4 Force using IPv4.
-6 Force using IPv6.
command One of these:
PRINT Prints a route
ADD Adds a route
DELETE Deletes a route
CHANGE Modifies an existing route
destination Specifies the host.
MASK Specifies that the next parameter is the 'netmask' value.
netmask Specifies a subnet mask value for this route entry.
If not specified, it defaults to 255.255.255.255.
gateway Specifies gateway.
interface the interface number for the specified route.
METRIC specifies the metric, ie. cost for the destination.
All symbolic names used for destination are looked up in the network database
file NETWORKS. The symbolic names for gateway are looked up in the host name
database file HOSTS.
If the command is PRINT or DELETE. Destination or gateway can be a wildcard,
(wildcard is specified as a star '*'), or the gateway argument may be omitted.
If Dest contains a * or ?, it is treated as a shell pattern, and only
matching destination routes are printed. The '*' matches any string,
and '?' matches any one char. Examples: 157.*.1, 157.*, 127.*, *224*.
Pattern match is only allowed in PRINT command.
Invalid MASK generates an error, that is when (DEST & MASK) != DEST.
Example> route ADD 126.96.36.199 MASK 188.8.131.52 184.108.40.206 IF 1
The route addition failed: The specified mask parameter is invalid.
(Destination & Mask) != Destination.
> route PRINT
> route PRINT -4
> route PRINT -6
> route PRINT 157* .... Only prints those matching 157*
> route ADD 220.127.116.11 MASK 255.0.0.0 18.104.22.168 METRIC 3 IF 2
destination^ ^mask ^gateway metric^ ^
If IF is not given, it tries to find the best interface for a given
> route ADD 3ffe::/32 3ffe::1
> route CHANGE 22.214.171.124 MASK 255.0.0.0 126.96.36.199 METRIC 2 IF 2
CHANGE is used to modify gateway and/or metric only.
> route DELETE 188.8.131.52
> route DELETE 3ffe::/32